Information Compiled by
Member of General Roswell Ripley Camp - SCV
In memory of the Confederate veterans who died at the Camp Chase Prison Camp.
May they never be forgotten, let no man asperse the memory of the sacred dead.
They were men who died for a cause they believed was worth fighting
for and made the ultimate sacrifice.
Camp Chase also served as a major western theatre parole camp for Union soldiers not yet exchanged under the Dix-Hill cartel. General Lew Wallace well after the war wrote an autobiography and visited Union paroled prisoners at Camp Chase in September 1862 and stated: "We are in the habit of speaking and thinking of Andersonville as the acme of horrors; it may have been so, indeed, but of this I am certain, Camp Chase was next to it, the difference being that Andersonville was a Confederate hell for the confinement of enemies taken in arms, while Camp Chase was a hell operated by the old government for friends and sworn supporters - its own children.” Ironically the future author of “Ben Hur” Major General Lew Wallace presided over the military tribunal trail of Major Heinrich Hartmann Wirz aka Henry Wirz of the infamous Camp Sumter aka Andersonville. Major Wirz was found guilty of conspiracy and murder and hanged on November 10, 1865..
A cemetery was established at Camp Chase on August 1, 1863. Many of the Confederate military dead who had been buried in the Southeast city cemetery prior to the establishment of the Camp Chase Cemetery were re-interred back to the Camp Chase Cemetery in May of 1869 by Captain Irving of the United States Quartermasters Department. They were buried under wooden markers in a plot surrounded by a low fence that had been part of the Camp Chase buildings. When the War ended, most of Camp Chase itself was dismantled, the last Union troops were those of the Veteran Reserve Corps. Some of the cabins at Camp Chase were used as cheap shanties for a few years, but for the most part every indication that the military base had been there was gone--except for the graveyard, which was left to deteriorate. It wasn't until the 1890's that William H. Knauss, a private who had been injured on the battlefield at Fredericksburg, who had served in the 2nd New Jersey Regiment Infantry, and later served in the Veteran Reserve Corps, located the graveyard and determined to restore it. He held memorial services there, featuring speakers such as Governor Nash, and drew crowds of hundreds by 1898.
There were at least 160 buildings at the camp, giving it the appearance of a sizable town
There were many political prisoners at Camp Chase especially early in the War. Many of them came from Western Virginia and Kentucky. At times the entire male populations from the households were taken to Camp Chase as was the case for the Galford family from Taylor County. (now West Virginia). All three Galfords were arrested and taken to Camp Chase: the grandfather, son and the grandson who was 17 years old. The grandfather Thomas Galford who was well into his 70's died at Camp Chase making him the oldest prisoner to die there. As with all civilians who died at Camp Chase prior to , 1863, they have no tombstones at the cemetery. At least one mother and daughter from Tennessee were also held as prisoners at Camp Chase for a period in 1863.
More than 50% of all of the Confederate deaths at Camp Chase occurred in the
shortest year of the War that being 1865. Likewise February is the shortest
month of the year however 499 men would die at Camp Chase in February of 1865
alone. Almost 25% of all of the Confederate deaths at Camp
Chase (1861-1865)occured in February of 1865.
Judge David F. Pugh, a former enlisted soldier with the 46th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (O.V.I.) made the following quote in his speech at the 1896 Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery memorial. In the compilers opinion the 46th O.V.I. suffered more casualties than any other Ohio Infantry regiment during the war. Four years later, in 1900 a vote was taken by surviving members of the 46th O.V.I. concerning returning a captured Confederate battle flag belonging to the 30th Regiment, Louisiana Infantry taken during the Atlanta Campaign. The flag was given back to former members of the 30th Louisiana in Worthington, Ohio and was one of the first flags returned by an Ohio regiment. Many members of the 46th O.V.I. were from Franklin County, Ohio.
"Carrying two wounds made by Confederate bullets, I am perfectly willing that their graves may be decorated, and even to participate in it when their survivors are not numerous enough to do it. I am willing to admit that their heroism is part of our national heritage."
Source: The Story of Camp Chase by William H. Knauss pages 16 and 17.
Source: The Story of Camp Chase by William H. Knauss pages 16 and 17.
Camp Chase Pavilion built in 1918 can be seen in the background.
SOLDIERS ERECT PAVILION
A squad from the barracks fired a salute and barracks buglers sounded "taps." Karl Hoenig and a boys' choir sang. Captain N.J. Kidwell, 345 South Third Street, Confederate veteran, who was in the Eighth Virginia Infantry in Pickett's division, presided.
The exercises were held in a new cement pavilion erected by army engineers from the barracks, representing five Northern and four Southern states, under command of Captain F. M. Doyle. It replaces a wooden structure erected several years ago. Rain interfered with the program before its completion. An American flag was placed on each grave by the Daughters of the Confederacy. The pavilion was decorated with flags, bunting and magnolia wreaths."
The marble tombstones in this photograph were first brought to the Camp Chase Cemetery by rail via horse and wagon from Columbus, Ohio in the spring of 1908. The winning bid was given to the Blue Ridge Marble Company from Nelson, Georgia at a price of $2.90 per stone. From these same quarries came the majority of the marble monuments we now have in Washington, DC including the Lincoln Memorial.
Each year on Memorial Day the Columbus' Brig. Gen. Roswell S. Ripley Camp 1535 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and the United Daughters of the Confederacy honor those heroic souls who gave all in the struggle for Southern Independence.
Camp ChasE Memorial page
Honoring Those Who Have Served Camp Chase
Stories About Camp Chase
Confederates Going Home
Three soldiers: Private James Buchannan Steele & SGT James Floyd Faircloth & Private James Hezekiah Jackson
Lt. James O. Norton, M.D.
The Unknown Story of the Great Locomotive Chase
Private Michael Spence
Benjamin L. Wilkes' Misleading Tombstone
Thomas Battle Turley who became a Tennessee U.S. Senator
Henry Horton, Alabama Unassigned Conscripts
W.H. Lastinger (grave #225) Company K 29th Georgia Regiment CSA - Back from the dead?
Facts About Camp Chase
Post Arkansas Confederate dead at the Camp Chase Cemetery
Confederate Spy Plotted to Free Camp Chase Prisoners (Reported in Columbus Dispatch but inaccurate)
Kidwell and United Confederate Veteran Camp 1181 in Columbus
The soldier behind the legend of the "Lady in Grey:
Civil War Soldiers Buried AS Confederate May Actually Be Union
The Captain and His Sergeant
Hilltop Historical Society - Includes Talks & Tours of Camp Chase, Men & Women, the Mural, Prison & History
Find-a-Grave: Camp Chase Cemetery
Listing of Names: Alphabetical and by Rows
http://sites.google.com/site/wvotherhistory/drcamden/prisoners-of-war - Confederate civilians from WV
History of Government Furnished Headstones and Markers - The question of permanently marking graves of Confederate deceased in national cemeteries and Confederate burial plots resulted in the Act of March 9, 1906 (P.L. 38, 59th Cong., Chap. 631), authorizing the furnishing of headstones for the graves of Confederates who died, primarily in Union prison camps and were buried in federal cemeteries.
Grave Listings from Central Ohio Grave Search - Camp Chase
Confederate soldier gets his peace | The Columbus Dispatch
Federal Soldiers buried at Camp Chase | The Columbus Dispatch
Confederate Descendants: You've got mail | The Columbus Dispatch
Historical Documents & Records
Circular for Confederate headstones; proposal by the Blue Ridge Marble Company
confederates are now in rows 42 and 43 at Camp Chase.
1907 Listing of Graves (4 MB pdf file takes about 30 seconds to load)
Surgeon's Report Dr. Brown for April/May/June 1862
Shiloh & Camp Chase
Map of the Camp Chase Cemetery
Prison Guard Instructions
Last Two Soldiers to Die At Camp Chase
Official Camp Chase Records of Ft. Donelson Prisoners (Large files take some time to download)
Ft. Donelson Prisoners 1 of 3 (9 MB pdf)
Ft. Donelson Prisoners 2 of 3 (10 MB pdf)
Ft. Donelson Prisoners 3 of 3 (18 MB pdf)
Ft. Donelson Prisoner List from Columbus, Ohio newspaper, The Ohio Journal dated March 20, 1862.
Ft. Donelson Prisoners listed in Ohio State Journal (.565 MB pdf)
Augustus and William Beckmann of Texas
Confederate wounded and sick brought to Camp Dennison from Shiloh on the USS Magnolia on April 17, 1862
The Cincinnati Gazette April 18, 1862 page 1 column 7, "Some of the names and units are incorrect under caption SICK AND WOUNDED REBELS. The USS Magnolia left Pittsburg Landing on April 14, 1862 at 12:30 pm with 250 wounded Union and Confederates. 57 were Confederates. The "Magnolia pulled into a dock on the Ohio River in Cincinnati, Ohio and were taken by rail on the Little Miami Railroad to Camp Dennison.
Removal of Remains of Soldiers May 22, 1869 - The Ohio State Journal
These letters were transcribed in the book The Story of Camp Chase by William H. Knauss in 1906. The original letters are now held by the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond, Virginia. Because of the internet, some descendants may be able to read them for the first time this site. These are just a few of the letters.
Senate Resolution S.R. 97, January 26, 1865 Is it possible that this resolution could have had a lot to do with the deaths at Camp Chase beginning in February of 1865? Almost 500 Confederate Prisoners would die in February of 1865 alone.